Legionellosis treatment. The disease is caused by the legionella bacterium and it affects those whose immune systems cannot ward of the attacks of the bacterium. The bacteria are usually found in water areas that have a lukewarm to hot temperature. The places where these bacteria are found include swimming pools, water cooling towers, hot water tanks as well as tubs and also fresh water ponds and creeks.
Infection takes places when the above mentioned sources have the bacteria present in them in large numbers. There are about 50 different legionella bacteria and about 70 different serogroups that they have been classified into.
The bacteria latch onto the host body when they enter into water sources that are contaminated by the presence of the bacteria. After they enter the host body they lie dormant for a period of two weeks during which they incubate to their highest symptoms causing levels.
After the period is over they produce a number of flu like symptoms like fevers, chills, dry cough and cold. When one begins to experience these symptoms they should immediately get themselves scanned to check whether they have been infected by the bacteria.
The bacteria unlike conventional bacteria don’t live on tissue and blood and have a specific liking for something known as cysteine. Thus when it comes to lab testing a normal pathological treatment making use of reagents to test blood and other body fluids is not possible.
These bacteria are detected by making use of what is known as buffered charcoal yeast extract abbreviated to BCYE. Another method that has bee made use of with the advancements in technology is the urinary antigen test which enable results to be got in a matters of a few hours instead of waiting for the ten day period that it takes the normal BCYE sample to show any results.
PCR and rapid immunological assays make it possible to do these tests as collecting urine is much easier than collection the required sputum sample needed to conduct these tests.
Once the bacteria have been detected it is essential that treatment should be started as soon as possible in order to get rid of them before they cause any further damage to the body.
The use of modern technology has made it possible to make use of high quality drugs and antimicrobial elements to treat the condition arising out of this bacterium infestation. Azithromycin is mainly used with small children where in some cases it has to be administered through IV before the dose is continued through the oral route.
Doxycycline, TMP as well as SMZ are some of the other recommended treatments. When it comes to medication treatment the treatment should be carried out for a period of about ten days if azithromycin is being used. If other medications are used like SMZ, TMP and Doxycycline then the treatment duration varies from about two to three weeks.
Surgical intervention may be required if the disease has spread to a great extent necessitating the surgical removal of tissue that has been infected in order to stop the spread of infection. However before you go in for any type of medical treatment you should always consult your doctor who will recommend you to a good pulmonologist and critical care expert.