Health ailments are known to affect more people than it previously did, bad eating habits and lifestyle are to be blamed. Many individuals are known to complain of hiatus hernia symptoms that could be affecting 15% of the world population. It is an abnormality anatomically that involves protrusion of stomach through diaphragm, even up to chest.
The hiatal hernia symptoms are known to affect only the minority of individuals. There are many treatment options for hernia. In case your annual medical checkup indicates possible chances of hernia, you should know the basics about this medical condition, treatment and recovery post treatment.
The hiatus hernia can affect anyone, though it is seen more frequently in individuals above 50, pregnant or overweight. One third of individuals above 50 can have hiatus hernia. This is not a serious condition as many people are totally unaware of the hiatus hernia symptoms and their state.
In normal individual the opening known as esophageal hiatus allows the esophagus to pass from the diaphragm. When the muscles turn weaker, the diaphragm enlarges considerably leading to an enlarged opening. This change is known as herniation. The entrapment or upward passage along the upper stomach may lead to uncomfortable symptoms.
There are types of hernia you should know about:
- Sliding type of hernia
- Rolling or Fixed type of hernia
The sliding kind of hernia is known to occur when a junction connecting esophagus and stomach moves up on frequent basis. Especially as there is heavy pressure on the abdomen the esophagus may slide up. During some strained bowel movement, coughing or heavy weight lifting it is possible to see hiatal hernia. The stomach sac moves down to the original location when the pressure is removed.
Fixed hernia is seen when the part of stomach is known to remain stuck along the cavity of chest.
Reasons for hiatus hernia symptoms:
- Frequent coughing
- Poor posture
- Strained bowel movements
- Bending and heavy weight lifting
- Smoking can also contribute
There are chances that the person with hiatus hernia may have no symptoms at all or even suffer from some mild symptoms that go unnoticeable. Many gastric problems also seem to be similar with other conditions of hernia. The patient may have the following hiatus hernia symptoms like:
- Chest pain or pressure along the chest
- Trouble swallowing
- Hiccups and pain
- Vomiting blood
- Dark stools
- Short of breath
There are chances that the stomach could get trapped in the region above diaphragm and protrude through the opening of esophagus or hiatus. There are chances of trapped blood flow reaching the region of stomach causing serious medical emergency.
The disease termed gastroesophageal reflex does cause some discomfort along with hiatus hernia. When the weak sphincter cannot prevent flow of digestive enzymes and various stomach acids to the esophagus, there are more serious problems. It is best to visit a doctor and find out more about your condition so the treatment can be started at the earliest.
Gender is not restricted for suffering from hiatus hernia symptoms, male and females above 55 are prone to suffer from this condition. The treatment can help lower the associated symptoms and help you in healing.
Tests to diagnose hiatus hernia
If you are not careful enough with the hernia symptoms, there are chances you may suffer from other complications and even heart diseases. The details of medical history and tests will determine the severity and treatment of condition.
Endoscopy allows the doctor to see the inside of body with telescopic camera that will help taking tissue sample
- X-ray test will give the results of tests more clearly.
- Blood test may also be a part of the hernia hiatus.
To heal the hiatus hernia symptoms, you can try some home treatments if your doctor suggests it is not very serious first. Losing weight will relieve the problems to an extent. The reflux issues can be treated as you quit smoking. The use of tight belts and abdominal exercises should be prevented.
It is possible to try some relaxation methods like deep breathing, meditation and yoga so your symptoms can be relieved and body can heal faster, especially post surgery you can try this method. The meals should be more frequent and restricted to three hours before bedtime.
Medicines will also help in relieving symptoms. Over the counter medication will help in keeping you free from the hiatus hernia symptoms. H2 blocker or an inhibitor for the proton pump will take care of your condition. You can get drugs that actually help you in preventing the stomach contents from moving upwards.
Even surgical method can prevent the symptoms. The sliding hernia does not have potential to cause complications that you may need surgery. Rolling hiatus hernia can call for surgery. The procedure involves pushing your stomach into the right position by securing the diaphragm and tightening it along the lower section of esophagus. This will help in preventing heartburn as well as acid refluxes.
Few days at the hospital and you will be completely free from hiatus hernia symptoms. Though precautionary measures are required, you can get the hernia again if you are not cautious enough with lifestyle and the right measures. Your doctor will be able to explain it well about recovery and possible risks involved for treatment of hiatus hernia.